All the plant photographies are performed by Patrick Blanc and their use must go with the photo caption and the mention "copyright Patrick Blanc"
  • Primary Rainforest canopy, Langkawi, Malaysia

    Primary Rainforest canopy, Langkawi, Malaysia

  • Primary Rainforest canopy exhibiting crown and crownlet shyness of the tree crwns, Langkawi, Malaysia

    Primary Rainforest canopy exhibiting crown and crownlet shyness of the tree crwns, Langkawi, Malaysia

  • Forest canopy, Phou Hin Poun NBCA, Khammouane, Laos

    Forest canopy, Phou Hin Poun NBCA, Khammouane, Laos

  • Taralea oppositifolia flowering in the forest canopy, photo by Patrick Blanc for CNRS phototheque, taken from the Radeau des Cimes, French Guyana, Oct. 1989

    Taralea oppositifolia flowering in the forest canopy, photo by Patrick Blanc for CNRS phototheque, taken from the Radeau des Cimes, French Guyana, Oct. 1989

  • Blanc P. et F. Hallé - 1990 - Timidité et multiplication végétative d'un arbre guyanais Taralea oppositifolia, In F. Hallé et P.Blanc Eds, Biologie d'une canopée de forêt équatoriale. Xylochimie, Paris, 125-135

    Blanc P. et F. Hallé - 1990 - Timidité et multiplication végétative d'un arbre guyanais Taralea oppositifolia, In F. Hallé et P.Blanc Eds, Biologie d'une canopée de forêt équatoriale. Xylochimie, Paris, 125-135

  • Patrick Blanc observing the growth habits of the mature tree crowns on the Canopy Raft, Radeau des Cimes, French Guyana, Sept. 1989

    Patrick Blanc observing the growth habits of the mature tree crowns on the Canopy Raft, Radeau des Cimes, French Guyana, Sept. 1989

  • Blanc P. - 1992 - Comment poussent les couronnes d'arbres dans la canopée - In F. Hallé et O. Pascal Eds, Biologie d'une canopée de forêt équatoriale 2 , Fondation ELF, Paris, 155 - 172

    Blanc P. - 1992 - Comment poussent les couronnes d'arbres dans la canopée - In F. Hallé et O. Pascal Eds, Biologie d'une canopée de forêt équatoriale 2 , Fondation ELF, Paris, 155 - 172

  • Ceiba pentandra exhibiting successive downwards bifurcations creating its crown shape, Rio Napo, Ecuador

    Ceiba pentandra exhibiting successive downwards bifurcations creating its crown shape, Rio Napo, Ecuador

  • Ligny S. - 2020 - Francis Hallé and Patrick Blanc, la botanique ou la passion du génie végétal - Etre Botaniste- Gardenlab, 9, 104-113

    Ligny S. - 2020 - Francis Hallé and Patrick Blanc, la botanique ou la passion du génie végétal - Etre Botaniste- Gardenlab, 9, 104-113

  • Tree crown construction, opposite concepts by Francis Halle and Patrick Blanc, Gardenlab 2020, 9

    Tree crown construction, opposite concepts by Francis Halle and Patrick Blanc, Gardenlab 2020, 9

  • Blanc P. 2012, Interpretation of the growth habits of tree crowns in forest canopy, the adaptive downwardly progressive necrosis of weak shoots resulting in zigzagging bifurcations of the main branches

    Blanc P. 2012, Interpretation of the growth habits of tree crowns in forest canopy, the adaptive downwardly progressive necrosis of weak shoots resulting in zigzagging bifurcations of the main branches

  • Evolutive crown set up in Sacoglottis gabonensis, from young determined stage with plagiotropic shoots to adult opportunistic stage with short similar shoots, by Patrick Blanc, 1992

    Evolutive crown set up in Sacoglottis gabonensis, from young determined stage with plagiotropic shoots to adult opportunistic stage with short similar shoots, by Patrick Blanc, 1992

  • Theoretical tree crown construction through progressive downwards death of central and weak shoots and branches, leading to progressive zigzagging main branch bifurcations, by Patrick Blanc, 1992

    Theoretical tree crown construction through progressive downwards death of central and weak shoots and branches, leading to progressive zigzagging main branch bifurcations, by Patrick Blanc, 1992

  • Tree crown shyness, an adaptive hypothesis through photoinhibition reduction, by Patrick Blanc

    Tree crown shyness, an adaptive hypothesis through photoinhibition reduction, by Patrick Blanc

  • Blanc P. - 2012 - Croissance des couronnes d'arbres dans la canopée, différentiation baipète et timidité

    Blanc P. - 2012 - Croissance des couronnes d'arbres dans la canopée, différentiation baipète et timidité

  • Ficus benghalensis, growth habits, Calcutta Botanical Garden in Blanc P. - 2004 - S'éviter, se réajuster, se mimer, se répéter, de l'art de la cohabitation chez les plantes de sous-bois - Hommes et Plantes 48, 22-37..jpg

    Ficus benghalensis, growth habits, Calcutta Botanical Garden in Blanc P. - 2004 - S'éviter, se réajuster, se mimer, se répéter, de l'art de la cohabitation chez les plantes de sous-bois - Hommes et Plantes 48, 22-37..jpg

  • Apical shoot ramification of a crownlet in the Rainforest Canopy, Ulu Temburong, Brunei

    Apical shoot ramification of a crownlet in the Rainforest Canopy, Ulu Temburong, Brunei

  • Crownlet, growth and necrosis in the Rainforest Canopy, Ulu Temburong, Brunei

    Crownlet, growth and necrosis in the Rainforest Canopy, Ulu Temburong, Brunei

  • Defoliated basal parts of the shoots in a crownlet in the Rainforest Canopy, Ulu Temburong, Brunei

    Defoliated basal parts of the shoots in a crownlet in the Rainforest Canopy, Ulu Temburong, Brunei

  • Downward twig necroses and resulting branch bifurcations elaborating the mature tree crowns, Hinboun, Laos, Copyright Patrick Blanc

    Downward twig necroses and resulting branch bifurcations elaborating the mature tree crowns, Hinboun, Laos, Copyright Patrick Blanc

  • Early branch bifurcations, just under the peripheric leafy part of the tree crown, Phou Hin Poun NBCA, Khammouane, Laos

    Early branch bifurcations, just under the peripheric leafy part of the tree crown, Phou Hin Poun NBCA, Khammouane, Laos

  • Crownlet of Dipterocarpus sp. with leaves distributed at the periphery of the twigs, observed from the Etoile des Cimes, Hinboun, Laos

    Crownlet of Dipterocarpus sp. with leaves distributed at the periphery of the twigs, observed from the Etoile des Cimes, Hinboun, Laos

  • Branch bifurcation pattern in Dipterocarpus sp. crown, observed from the Etoile des Cimes, Hinboun, Laos, Copyright Patrick Blanc

    Branch bifurcation pattern in Dipterocarpus sp. crown, observed from the Etoile des Cimes, Hinboun, Laos, Copyright Patrick Blanc

  • Branch zigzagging bifurcations of Dipterocarpus sp. in forest canopy, Phou Hin Poun NBCA, Khammouane, Laos

    Branch zigzagging bifurcations of Dipterocarpus sp. in forest canopy, Phou Hin Poun NBCA, Khammouane, Laos

  • Highly zigzagging bifurcation in a canopy tree crown, defoliated during the dry season, French Guyana

    Highly zigzagging bifurcation in a canopy tree crown, defoliated during the dry season, French Guyana

  • Schefflera abyssinica crown made of bifurcating branches, Harenna forest, Bale, Ethiopia

    Schefflera abyssinica crown made of bifurcating branches, Harenna forest, Bale, Ethiopia

  • Branch bifurcations in Dipterocarpus sp. crown, observed from the Etoile des Cimes, Hinboun, Laos, Copyright Patrick Blanc

    Branch bifurcations in Dipterocarpus sp. crown, observed from the Etoile des Cimes, Hinboun, Laos, Copyright Patrick Blanc

  • Branch bifurcations in the forest canopy, Hinboun, Laos, Copyright Patrick Blanc

    Branch bifurcations in the forest canopy, Hinboun, Laos, Copyright Patrick Blanc

  • Downward  branch bifurcations elaborating the mature tree crown in Dipterocarpus sp., observed from the Etoile des Cimes, Hinboun, Laos, Copyright Patrick Blanc

    Downward branch bifurcations elaborating the mature tree crown in Dipterocarpus sp., observed from the Etoile des Cimes, Hinboun, Laos, Copyright Patrick Blanc

  • Emerging tree with bifurcated branches and limestone cliffs seen from the Bulle des Cimes, Hinboun, Laos

    Emerging tree with bifurcated branches and limestone cliffs seen from the Bulle des Cimes, Hinboun, Laos

  • Crownlet shyness in a single tree crown, Hinboun, Laos

    Crownlet shyness in a single tree crown, Hinboun, Laos

  • Peripheric thin leafy part of the Eucalyptus jacksonii crown due to numerous last season shoots leading to descending progressive adaptive necroses and elaboration of zigzagging bifurcations, Walpole, Western Australia

    Peripheric thin leafy part of the Eucalyptus jacksonii crown due to numerous last season shoots leading to descending progressive adaptive necroses and elaboration of zigzagging bifurcations, Walpole, Western Australia

  • Crownlet elaboration through successive downward necrosis of weak shoots leading to branch bifurcations in Eucalyptus jacksonii, Walpole, Western Australia

    Crownlet elaboration through successive downward necrosis of weak shoots leading to branch bifurcations in Eucalyptus jacksonii, Walpole, Western Australia

  • Branch bifurcations in Eucalyptus jacksonii in the forest canopy, Walpole, Western Australis

    Branch bifurcations in Eucalyptus jacksonii in the forest canopy, Walpole, Western Australis

  • Crownlet shyness in Eucalyptus jacksonii, Walpole, Western Australia

    Crownlet shyness in Eucalyptus jacksonii, Walpole, Western Australia

  • Regular dome shape of a crown actually made of two different trees, the host tree defoliated during the dry season and an evergreen hemiepiphytic Clusia in the center, French Guyana

    Regular dome shape of a crown actually made of two different trees, the host tree defoliated during the dry season and an evergreen hemiepiphytic Clusia in the center, French Guyana

  • Regular dome shape of a tree crown in spite of its construction made with two separate main branches, the shape due to successive downward necroses of overshaded small branches, French Guyana

    Regular dome shape of a tree crown in spite of its construction made with two separate main branches, the shape due to successive downward necroses of overshaded small branches, French Guyana

  • Sagging narrow old branch emitting some erect reiteration shoots acting as photosynthetic complement but probably short living, French Guyana

    Sagging narrow old branch emitting some erect reiteration shoots acting as photosynthetic complement but probably short living, French Guyana

  • Dead small much branched reiteration shoot in the crown of Dialium pachyphyllum, Campo, Cameroun

    Dead small much branched reiteration shoot in the crown of Dialium pachyphyllum, Campo, Cameroun

  • Global necrosis of a crownlet in the Rainforest Canopy, Ulu Temburong, Brunei

    Global necrosis of a crownlet in the Rainforest Canopy, Ulu Temburong, Brunei

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